- NOAA Fisheries and the Caribbean Fishery Management Council manage the queen conch fishery in federal waters. The governments of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgins Islands manage the queen conch fishery in their territorial waters.
- Managed under the Fishery Management Plan for Queen Conch Resources of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands in federal waters, and under Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands regulations in territorial waters:
- Commercial and recreational harvest is generally banned in U.S. federal waters.
- Seasonal and area closures protect juvenile and spawning conch.
- Annual catch limits.
- Daily commercial trip limits, recreational bag limits, and minimum size limits apply to queen conch harvest in both federal and territorial waters.
- Annual quota for harvest of queen conch in territorial waters of the U.S. Virgin Islands.
- Requirements to keep queen conch attached to the shell in federal waters and when landed in the U.S. Virgin Islands allow for effective counting by enforcement agents.
- The International Queen Conch Initiative was established by resource managers from Caribbean countries to coordinate international management of queen conch in the region.